It may be known as ‘The Floating City’, but experts have warned that Venice could sink in as little as 100 years thanks to climate change.
They say that Venice and much of Italy’s Adriatic coastline is at risk of disappearing all together as sea levels continue to rise.
The Mediterranean will rise by up to five feet (140cm) before 2100, according to scientists from Italy and France.
In comparison, the sea level has risen by just one foot (30cm) in the last 1,000 years.
The researchers, from Italy’s National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, said the acceleration in sea level rise can be explained by global warming, according to The Local.
To understand how sea levels have changed, the scientists studied millstone quarries along the Mediterranean coastline.
‘The coast of the Mediterranean provides several remnants of ancient coastal quarries, which are now useful to study sea level change occurring during the last millennia,’ the scientists said in a research paper.
‘Millstones quarries were exploited with same quarrying techniques from rocks like beachrocks, sandstones or similar lithologies, were shaped to be suitable to grind olives, seeds and wheat, to produce oil and flour, or to break apart soft rocks.’ +5
Policemen patrolling for tourists’ safety at a flooded Venetian square on May 16, 2008. The sea level has risen by just one foot (30cm) in the last 1,000 years
Millstones are circular stones that were mined to grind grain in the Stone Age between 4,000 to 2,500 BC.
The scientists studied the positioning of the stone quarries along the coastline to understand how sea levels have changed over the last millennium.
They then used modelling to predict how fast sea levels will rise in the future.
The researchers found that 33 areas across Italy are at a high risk of disappearing under the sea.